Solar Geyser Guide

Solar Geysers and Conversion Kits Explained

Introduction

If you’re considering embarking on your solar power journey but don’t know where to start,  Solar Geysers are the best place to begin .

Electric Geysers account for between  30% - 50% of your monthly electricity bill .

While this number is staggering, there is a solution: installing  a Solar Geyser will help you save money every month .

Our kits come with a five-year standard warranty and have a life expectancy of 15+ years.

In this guide, you’ll learn about the  different types of Solar Geysers , how they work and which option would best suit your needs.

Fundamentals:

Calculating Solar Lithium-ion BatteriesIn this section, you’ll learn the top 5 fundamentals of lithium batteries.

As always, let’s start with the fundamentals.

This section is  for beginners  who are just starting out and who want to  understand the basics first .

There may be a few words and abbreviations that you’ll need to know before we get into the fun stuff, especially if you are new to the topic.

Solar Collector

A Solar Collector is the ‘panel’ that is installed onto your roof. There are two different types, an Evacuated Tube Collector and a Flat Plate Collector.

Evacuated Tube Collector

kWh is a measurement of energy.
The Evacuated Tube Collector, also known as an EVT for short, is a highly efficient solar collector. Keep reading to learn more.

Flat Plate Collector

A Flat Plate is a type of solar collector that uses heat from the sun to heat water. Keep reading for more details.

Retrofit / Conversion Kit

A conversion kit is a set up that enables you to turn a standard electric geyser into a solar geyser.

Thermosyphon Solar Geyser

A Thermosyphon Solar Geyser is a solar collector AND geyser that is installed on top of your roof.

Thermal Controller

A thermal controller allows you to set a maximum water temperature and it also allows you to set a time during the day or night when you want your geyser element to be switched on.

Solar Geyser Kits Includes:

Need to Know about Lithium Solar Batteries

A solar geyser’s function is to  allow our powerful sun to heat your water , rather than electricity.
For the most part, a solar geyser set up includes:

  • A geyser tank (new or pre-existing)
  • A solar Collector (EVT or Flat Plate)
  • A Thermal Controller
  • Various valves
  • And in conversion kit cases, a 220V pump.

Solar Geyser Kit Types

Need to Know about Lithium Solar Batteries

In this section, we’ll explain the differences between the two types of kits we offer;  thermosyphon and conversion kits .

We'll discuss how they work, the differences between the two systems and each of their the benefits.

Both of the systems are very different from each other, but they both have the same goal: to heat your water using the sun which will ultimately save you money on your electricity bill.

Thermosyphon

The Thermosyphon Solar Geyser setup requires both the solar collector and the geyser be installed on top of your roof. The geyser is positioned above the flat plate or evacuated tube collectors.

The Thermosyphon system uses a process called convection and conduction.

These processes refer to the heating of water (in this case), decreasing its density allowing it to move upwards to the geyser. Simultaneously, the colder water has a higher density, allowing it to fall into the solar collector where it will be heated, and the whole cycle begins again.

These systems have no moving parts, making them highly reliable, with little to no maintenance needed.

The Solar Geysers prices are higher than the conversion kits because they include a geyser. With that said, you will save money and time not having the hassle of maintenance on these systems.

The geysers included in these kits have electric elements in them too so that you are not entirely reliant on the collector, especially during the night.


Retrofit / Conversion Kits

Retrofit kits turn electric geysers into solar geysers.

Your electric geyser will remain in its original position, with the solar collector installed on top of your roof.

They are connected, but because the geyser sits below the solar collector, you cannot use thermosyphon to get your water to the solar collector and back again.
A pump is needed to syphon water from the geyser to the solar collector.

This is where the thermal controller plays an even more significant role than previously stated.
The thermal controller regulates the water temperature, but it also tells the pump when to switch on and send water to the solar collector and back to the geyser.

This type of solar geyser solution works very well, but you may require extra maintenance because it has mechanical/moving parts.
For example, if the pump stops working, you’ll need to replace it. They are not very expensive though and are readily available.


Solar Collectors

All you Need to Know About Installing Solar Lithium-ion Batteries

As you know, there are  two types of solar collectors . Each of the collectors functions differently and have different efficiency ratings.

Your  roof direction, average weather conditions and whether or not you have obstructions  will determine what collector would best suit you.

Let’s start by comparing the two types of solar collectors.

Flat Plate Collectors

A flat plate solar collector is perfect for our weather conditions here in South Africa.

They have a heat-absorbing plate, glazing material (plastic or glass), a series of copper tubing and insulation.

The water inside the copper tubes is heated by the sun thanks to the conductive materials that make up the flat plate solar collector. The insulating materials ensure that very little heat is lost throughout the circulation process.

Flat Plate Solar Collectors should always be installed on a north-facing roof and in full, unobstructed sunlight.

These solar collectors are the most cost-effective solar collector type thanks to their simple design, low manufacturing cost, and easy installation.

Suppose your roof meets the above criteria, congratulations! The flat plate collector is perfect for you.


Evacuated Tube Collectors

These types of solar collectors are ideal for conditions where your solar collector is shaded either by frequent cloud cover or other obstructions like trees and chimneys.

Evacuated Tube Collectors are the most efficient type of collector as full sun is not a necessity. Because the tubes are round, they can harvest heat from all directions.

Each tube has a glass exterior and contains a heat absorber plate and a sealed heat pipe inside them. The air inside the tubes is wholly removed, forming a vacuum seal.

Heat pipes are long, sealed, copper tubes with a copper bulb at the top. The heat pipe’s length is inside the glass tube, and the bulb is inside the manifold.
Each heat pipe has a small amount of water and alcohol inside them. Thanks to the vacuum seal, the alcohol/water mix is heated up and creates a hot vapour that rises to the top of the heat pipe’s bulb.

A heat transferring liquid transfers the heat generated in the heat pipe bulb to the water that flows from your geyser, into the collector’s manifold. Once the water is heated, it is sent back down to your geyser.


Let’s Talk Geyser Sizes

Your standard geyser sizes are  100L, 150L and 200L . There are bigger sizes but let’s focus on these three.

The  size of your home and how many people that live in your home will usually determine the size geyser  you will need.

You can even  have 2 geysers in series  which works well if you are looking for geysers larger than 200L.

You will still  use your electric element to ensure you have hot water during the night time and early morning . Even Thermospyphon Solar Geysers have electric elements for this reason.

100L

You will usually find 100L geysers in small homes. These geysers are perfect for 2-3 people.

150L

150L geysers work well for small to medium-sized homes. They work well for 3-4 people.

200L

200L geysers are found in medium-sized homes. They’re suited to families with 4-5 people.

Case Study 1:
Sylvia

Sylvia has a  150L electric geyser . She is a single mom of a teenager and lives in a  two-bedroom townhouse .

She wants to start saving money on her monthly electric bill and has decided to start with her geyser.

She had decided to convert her electric geyser using a Retrofit Conversion Kit.

The roof of her home that she’d like to install her solar collector on is north facing. So her roof is in sun,all day. She lives in Oudtshoorn and experiences hot weather, little cloud cover, and no other shadow obstructions on her roof.

We have two options for Sylvia. She can either have a Flat Plate Conversion Kit or an Evacuated Tube Conversion Kit.

She has the perfect conditions for a Flat Plate Collector, so she’ll go that route.

150ℓ - 2.0 Flat Plate - Geyser Conversion Kit
Solar Geyser Conversion Kit - 2.0 Flat Plate - 150ℓ
R 8,909.00
View Product

Case Study 2:
Terry

Terry and his wife, Cheryl, have two small children. They live in a  three-bedroom, free-standing home  in Newlands, Cape Town.

They are spending a fortune every month on electricity. They too would like to transition from an electric geyser to a solar geyser.

Their home is in an area where there is lots of cloud cover and rain throughout the year.

They require a more efficient solar collector to heat their water throughout the year, so they have decided to install an Evacuated Tube Conversion Kit.

This kit will ensure that they are still able to heat their water, even on overcast days, thanks to the high efficiency of the EVT Solar Collector.

Terry and his family will be saving money in no time.

15 Tube - Evacuated Tube - Geyser Conversion Kit
Solar Geyser Conversion Kit - 15 Tube - Evacuated
R 11,476.00
View Product

Case Study 3:
Mr & Mrs Murphy

Mr & Mrs Murphy have 3 children. They have recently built their dream, home in Knysna, Garden Route.

They often have guests staying over at their 5 bedroom home so they needed to ensure that they had enough hot water.

They installed 2 x 200L Thermosyphon Solar Geysers along with a Solar Power Kit to help keep electricity costs at a minimum.

Knysna is overcast and cloudy most of the year, so to maximise their water heating efficiency, they have installed an Evacuated Solar Power Kits.

Because this system has no mechanical parts, they do not have to worry about maintaining their geyser.

And, they have peace of mind knowing that they have plenty of hot water available to their family and their guests.

Solar Geyser Kit - 18 Tube - Evacuated - 200ℓ Thermosiphon
Solar Geyser Kit - 18 Tube - Evacuated - 200ℓ Thermosiphon
R 16,970.00
View Product

Affordable Solar Geysers

pricing

As with all of our products, SolarAdvice strives to bring our customers the  best quality products at affordable prices .

Flat Plate Conversion Kits range from R 8,909.45 - R 9,650.97

EVT Conversion Kits range from R 10,105.45 to R 12,198.45

Thermosyphon Kits range from R 12,843.19 to R 16,970.29

Solar Geyser Installation

installation
 A professional installer must do all installations .

With regards to the cost of a solar geyser installation, you’re looking at  around R4,500.00  + this price may differ from installer to installer so it's always best to spend a bit of researching reputable installers.
Look for positive reviews and even ask for references to ensure you are getting the best service.

 We currently only offer installation in the Gauteng area .

Conclusion

conclusion
Solar Advice prides itself on being one of the  best solar geyser suppliers in South Africa .

We have several solar geysers for sale and conversion kits for existing  100L, 150L and 200L geysers .

We deliver Solar Geysers to Johannesburg and Cape Town.

If you are still unsure of which system would be best for you, please feel free to  contact us .

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